[PDF Download]All Basic Trigonometry maths formula

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basic trigonometry maths formula pdf download


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Today I am going to provide u with some basic/effortless all trigonometry maths formula pdf which is really easy to learn and you will remember this only with some practice. In fact, my juniors have also tried this technique to learn and remember quickly.


This Trigonometry formulas post also helps for class 10, class 11, class 12 & other students who are preparing for any competitive exams.


This post covers Trigonometry all Formula PDF Download, Trigonometry formulas for Class 10 PDF, Trigonometry formulas for Class 12 PDF Download, Trigonometry formulas list, Trigonometric Formulas for Class 12 & so many other fabulous search queries.


Let’s learn some basic trigonometry formulas:-


Trigonometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with the angles, lengths, and heights of triangles and relations between different parts of circles and other geometrical figures. Maths Formulas – Trigonometric Ratios and identities are very useful and learning the below formulae helps in solving the problems better. Trigonometry formulas are essential for solving questions in Trigonometry Ratios and Identities in Competitive Exams.


Trigonometric Identities are equalities that involve trigonometric functions and are true for every value of the occurring variables where both sides of the equality are defined. Geometrically, these are identities involving certain functions of one or more angles. 


Trigonometric Ratio relationship between the measurement of the angles and the length of the side of the right triangle. These formulas relate to lengths and areas of particular circles or triangles. On the next page, you’ll find identities. The identities don’t refer to particular geometric figures but hold for all angles.


We are trying to cover some easy trigonometry formulas pdf for engineering also.


When we learn about trigonometric formulas, we consider them for right-angled triangles only. In a right-angled triangle, we have 3 sides namely – Hypotenuse, Opposite side (Perpendicular), and Adjacent side (Height). The longest side is known as the hypotenuse, the side opposite to the angle is perpendicular and the side where both hypotenuse and opposite side rests is the adjacent side.


Here is the list of formulas for trigonometry maths formulas:-


  • Basic Formulas

  • Reciprocal Identities

  • Trigonometry Table

  • Periodic Identities

  • Co-function Identities

  • Sum and Difference Identities

  • Double Angle Identities

  • Triple Angle Identities

  • Half Angle Identities

  • Product Identities

  • Sum to Product Identities

  • Inverse Trigonometry Formulas



You will love some other interesting articles from this website:-




Download Definition of the Trig cheat sheet


Formulas for arcs and sectors of circles


You can easily find both the length of an arc and the area of a sector for an angle θ in a circle of radius r.

Length of an arc. The length of the arc is just the radius r times the angle θ where the angle is measured in radians. To convert from degrees to radians, multiply the number of degrees by π/180.


Arc = rθ.

arcs and sectors of circles


Trigonometric Formulas – Right Angle


The most important formulas for trigonometry are those for a right triangle. If θ is one of the acute angles in a triangle, then the sine of theta is the ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse, the cosine is the ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse, and the tangent is the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side.


Pythagorean theorem

Pythagorean theorem, the well-known geometric theorem that the sum of the squares on the legs of a right triangle is equal to the square on the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle)—or, in familiar algebraic notation, (P)2 + (B)2 = (H)2


Applying Pythagoras theorem for the given right-angled theorem, we have:

(Perpendicular)2 + (Base)2 = (Hypotenuse)2

 (P)2 + (B)2 = (H)2


There are basically 6 ratios used for finding the elements in Trigonometry. They are called trigonometric functions. The six trigonometric functions are sine, cosine, secant, co-secant, tangent, and co-tangent.


By using a right-angled triangle as a reference, the trigonometric functions or identities are derived:


  • sin θ = Perpendicular/Hypotenuse

  • cos θ = Base/Hypotenuse

  • tan θ = Perpendicular/Base

  • sec θ = Hypotenuse/Base

  • cosec θ = Hypotenuse/Perpendicular

  • cot θ = Base/Perpendicular

Trigonometry formulas



Trigonometry maths formulas for Class 11 and 12 pdf download


Magical Hexagon for Trigonometry Identities


Magical Hexagon for Trigonometry Identities


Magical Hexagon for Trigonometry Identities



Clock Wise:-

Clock Wise

  • tan(x) = sin(x) / cos(x)

  • sin(x) = cos(x) / cot(x)

  • cos(x) = cot(x) / csc(x)

  • cot(x) = csc(x) / sec(x)

  • csc(x) = sec(x) / tan(x)

  • sec(x) = tan(x) / sin(x)



Counter clock Wise:

Counter clock Wise- basic trigonometry maths formula pdf

  • cos(x) = sin(x) / tan(x)

  • sin(x) = tan(x) / sec(x)

  • tan(x) = sec(x) / csc(x)

  • sec(x) = csc(x) / cot(x)

  • csc(x) = cot(x) / cos(x)

  • cot(x) = cos(x) / sin(x)



Reciprocal Identities

Reciprocal Identities- basic trigonometry maths formula pdf

The Reciprocal Identities are given as:

  • cosec θ = 1/sin θ

  • sec θ = 1/cos θ

  • cot θ = 1/tan θ

  • sin θ = 1/cosec θ

  • cos θ = 1/sec θ

  • tan θ = 1/cot θ



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All these are taken from a right-angled triangle. With the length and base side of the right triangle given, we can find out the sine, cosine, tangent, secant, cosecant, and cotangent values using trigonometric formulas. The reciprocal trigonometric identities are also derived by using the trigonometric functions.


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Trigonometry Table


Below is the table for trigonometry formulas for angles that are commonly used for solving problems.

Trigonometry Table- basic trigonometry maths formula pdf

Periodicity Identities (in Radians)


These formulas are used to shift the angles by π/2, π, 2π, etc. They are also called co-function identities.

  • sin (π/2 – A) = cos A & cos (π/2 – A) = sin A

  • sin (π/2 + A) = cos A & cos (π/2 + A) = – sin A

  • sin (3π/2 – A)  = – cos A & cos (3π/2 – A)  = – sin A

  • sin (3π/2 + A) = – cos A & cos (3π/2 + A) = sin A

  • sin (π – A) = sin A &  cos (π – A) = – cos A

  • sin (π + A) = – sin A & cos (π + A) = – cos A

  • sin (2π – A) = – sin A & cos (2π – A) = cos A

  • sin (2π + A) = sin A & cos (2π + A) = cos A



All trigonometric identities are cyclic in nature. They repeat themselves after this periodicity constant. This periodicity constant is different for different trigonometric identities. tan 45° = tan 225° but this is true for cos 45° and cos 225°. Refer to the above trigonometry table to verify the values.



Signs of Trigonometric Ratios

basic trigonometry maths formula pdf

Co-function Identities (in Degrees)


The co-function or periodic identities can also be represented in degrees as:

  • sin(π/2−θ) = cosθ
  • cos(π/2−θ) = sinθ
  • tan(π/2−θ) = cotθ
  • cot(π/2−θ) = tanθ
  • sec(π/2−θ) = cosecθ
  • cosec(π/2−θ) = secθ



Nowadays Trigonometry formulas for class 10 pdf download somehow come in trends, so we are covering very basics of which anyone can understand from class 10 to class 12 and we are also providing pdf of all formulas free of cost.



Sum & Difference Identities


  • sin(x+y) = sin(x)cos(y)+cos(x)sin(y)

  • cos(x+y) = cos(x)cos(y)–sin(x)sin(y)

  • tan(x+y) = (tan x + tan y)/ (1−tan x •tan y)

  • sin(x–y) = sin(x)cos(y)–cos(x)sin(y)

  • cos(x–y) = cos(x)cos(y) + sin(x)sin(y)

  • tan(x−y) = (tan x–tan y)/ (1+tan x • tan y)





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Double Angle Identities


  • sin(2x) = 2sin(x) • cos(x) = [2tan x/(1+tan2 x)]

  • cos(2x) = cos2(x)–sin2(x) = [(1-tan2 x)/(1+tan2 x)]

  • cos(2x) = 2cos2(x)−1 = 1–2sin2(x)

  • tan(2x) = [2tan(x)]/ [1−tan2(x)]

  • sec (2x) = secx/(2-sec2 x)

  • csc (2x) = (sec x. csc x)/2


Download trigonometry quadrant formulas


Triple Angle Identities


  • Sin 3x = 3sin x – 4sin3x

  • Cos 3x = 4cos3x-3cos x

  • Tan 3x = [3tanx-tan3x]/[1-3tan2x]


Values of Trigonometric Functions


basic trigonometry maths formula pdf

Important Tips to solve trigonometry questions faster:-


1. Always try to bring the multiple angles to single angles using the basic formula. Make sure all your angles are the same.

Using  and  is difficult, but if you use- , that leaves  and , and now all your functions match.

The same goes for addition and subtraction: don’t try working with  and . Instead, use  

So that all the angles match.


2. Converting to sin and cos all the items in the problem using a basic formula. I have mentioned sin and cos as they are easy to solve. You can use any other also.


3. Use Pythagorean identifies to simplify the equations.


4. Check all the angles for sums and differences and use the appropriate identities to remove them.


5. Practice and Practice. You will soon start figuring out the equation and their symmetry to resolve them fast.


Download inverse trigonometry formulas PDF



Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ):- 


Q1: What formulas should I study for the SSC CHSL?

Ans: For SSC CHSL, you should study trigonometry formulas either from your Class 10 textbook or from this article.

Q2: What are the basic trigonometric ratios?

Ans: Sine, Cosine, Tangent, Cotangent, Secant and Cosecant.

Q3: What are all the formulas of trigonometry?

Ans: You can learn all the trigonometry formulas from this article. You will get to know about:

Q4: What are formulas for trigonometry ratios?

Ans: Sin A = Perpendicular/Hypotenuse Cos A = Base/Hypotenuse Tan A = Perpendicular/Base

Q5: How do I memorize maths trigonometry formulas?

Ans: Our academic experts advise you not to memorize these trigonometry formulas. The more you try to learn consciously, the more is the chance that you are going to forget it. The best way to learn these formulas is to write them on a piece of paper and refer to them while you solve the questions. This way you will be able to easily learn the Trigonometry formulas.

Q6: What are the three main functions in trigonometry?

Ans: Sin, Cos and Tan are three main function in trigonometry.

Q7: Can I get a trigonometry formulas list?

Ans: Yes, with the help of this article, you can get all the important trigonometry formulas in one place.

Q8: What are the fundamental trigonometry identities?

Ans: The three fundamental identities are: 1. sin^2 A + cos^2 A = 1 2. 1+tan^2 A = sec^2 A 3. 1+cot^2 A = csc^2 A

Q9: Trigonometry formulas are applicable to which triangle?

Ans: Right-angled triangle



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